International Economics Theory and Policy 11th Edition Krugman Solutions Manual

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International Economics Theory and Policy 11th Edition Krugman Solutions Manual.

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International Economics Theory and Policy 11th Edition Krugman Solutions Manual

Product details:

  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0134519574
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0134519579
  • Author: Paul R. Krugman; Maurice Obstfeld; Marc Melitz

For courses in InternationalEconomics, International Finance, and International Trade. A balanced approach totheory and policy applications International Economics:Theory and Policy providesengaging, balanced coverage of the key concepts and practical applications ofthe two main topic areas of the discipline. For both international trade andinternational finance, an intuitive introduction to theory is followed bydetailed coverage of policy applications.

Table contents:

  1. 1 Introduction
  2. What Is International Economics About?
  3. The Gains from Trade
  4. The Pattern of Trade
  5. How Much Trade?
  6. Balance of Payments
  7. Exchange Rate Determination
  8. International Policy Coordination
  9. The International Capital Market
  10. International Economics: Trade and Money
  11. PART 1 International Trade Theory
  12. 2 World Trade: An Overview
  13. Who Trades with Whom?
  14. Size Matters: The Gravity Model
  15. Using the Gravity Model: Looking for Anomalies
  16. Impediments to Trade: Distance, Barriers, and Borders
  17. The Changing Pattern of World Trade
  18. Has the World Gotten Smaller?
  19. What Do We Trade?
  20. Service Offshoring
  21. Do Old Rules Still Apply?
  22. Summary
  23. 3 Labor Productivity and Comparative Advantage: The Ricardian Model
  24. The Concept of Comparative Advantage
  25. A One-Factor Economy
  26. Relative Prices and Supply
  27. Trade in a One-Factor World
  28. Determining the Relative Price after Trade
  29. BOX : Comparative Advantage in Practice: The Case of Usain Bolt
  30. The Gains from Trade
  31. A Note on Relative Wages
  32. BOX : Economic Isolation and Autarky over Time and Space
  33. Misconceptions about Comparative Advantage
  34. Productivity and Competitiveness
  35. BOX : Do Wages Reflect Productivity?
  36. The Pauper Labor Argument
  37. Exploitation
  38. Comparative Advantage with Many Goods
  39. Setting Up the Model
  40. Relative Wages and Specialization
  41. Determining the Relative Wage in the Multigood Model
  42. Adding Transport Costs and Nontraded Goods
  43. Empirical Evidence on the Ricardian Model
  44. Summary
  45. 4 Specific Factors and Income Distribution
  46. The Specific Factors Model
  47. BOX : What Is a Specific Factor?
  48. Assumptions of the Model
  49. Production Possibilities
  50. Prices, Wages, and Labor Allocation
  51. Relative Prices and the Distribution of Income
  52. International Trade in the Specific Factors Model
  53. Income Distribution and the Gains from Trade
  54. The Political Economy of Trade: A Preliminary View
  55. Income Distribution and Trade Politics
  56. CASE STUDY : Trade and Unemployment
  57. International Labor Mobility
  58. CASE STUDY : Wage Convergence in the European Union
  59. CASE STUDY : Immigration and the U.S. Economy: Future Prospects
  60. Summary
  61. 5 Resources and Trade: The Heckscher-Ohlin Model
  62. Model of a Two-Factor Economy
  63. Prices and Production
  64. Choosing the Mix of Inputs
  65. Factor Prices and Goods Prices
  66. Resources and Output
  67. Effects of International Trade between Two-Factor Economies
  68. Relative Prices and the Pattern of Trade
  69. Trade and the Distribution of Income
  70. CASE STUDY : North-South Trade and Income Inequality
  71. Skill-Biased Technological Change and Income Inequality
  72. BOX : The Declining Labor Share of Income and Capital-Skill Complementarity
  73. Factor-Price Equalization
  74. Empirical Evidence on the Heckscher-Ohlin Model
  75. Trade in Goods as a Substitute for Trade in Factors: Factor Content of Trade
  76. Patterns of Exports between Developed and Developing Countries
  77. Implications of the Tests
  78. Summary
  79. 6 The Standard Trade Model
  80. A Standard Model of a Trading Economy
  81. Production Possibilities and Relative Supply
  82. Relative Prices and Demand
  83. The Welfare Effect of Changes in the Terms of Trade
  84. Determining Relative Prices
  85. CASE STUDY : Unequal Gains from Trade across the Income Distribution
  86. Economic Growth: A Shift of the RS Curve
  87. Growth and the Production Possibility Frontier
  88. World Relative Supply and the Terms of Trade
  89. International Effects of Growth
  90. CASE STUDY : Has the Growth of Newly Industrialized Economies Hurt Advanced Nations?
  91. Tariffs and Export Subsidies: Simultaneous Shifts in RS and RD 166
  92. Relative Demand and Supply Effects of a Tariff
  93. Effects of an Export Subsidy
  94. Implications of Terms of Trade Effects: Who Gains and Who Loses?
  95. International Borrowing and Lending
  96. Intertemporal Production Possibilities and Trade
  97. The Real Interest Rate
  98. Intertemporal Comparative Advantage
  99. Summary
  100. 7 External Economies of Scale and the International Location of Production
  101. Economies of Scale and International Trade: An Overview
  102. Economies of Scale and Market Structure
  103. The Theory of External Economies
  104. Specialized Suppliers
  105. Labor Market Pooling
  106. Knowledge Spillovers
  107. External Economies and Market Equilibrium
  108. External Economies and International Trade
  109. External Economies, Output, and Prices
  110. External Economies and the Pattern of Trade
  111. BOX : Holding the World Together
  112. Trade and Welfare with External Economies
  113. Dynamic Increasing Returns
  114. Interregional Trade and Economic Geography
  115. BOX : Soccer and the English Premiere League
  116. Summary
  117. 8 Firms in the Global Economy: Export Decisions, Outsourcing, and Multinational Enterprises
  118. The Theory of Imperfect Competition
  119. Monopoly: A Brief Review
  120. Monopolistic Competition
  121. Monopolistic Competition and Trade
  122. The Effects of Increased Market Size
  123. Gains from an Integrated Market: A Numerical Example
  124. The Significance of Intra-Industry Trade
  125. CASE STUDY : Automobile Intra-Industry Trade within ASEAN-4: 1998–2002
  126. Firm Responses to Trade: Winners, Losers, and Industry Performance
  127. Performance Differences across Producers
  128. The Effects of Increased Market Size
  129. Trade Costs and Export Decisions
  130. Dumping
  131. CASE STUDY : Antidumping as Protectionism
  132. Multinationals and Outsourcing
  133. CASE STUDY : Patterns of Foreign Direct Investment Flows around the World
  134. The Firm’s Decision Regarding Foreign Direct Investment
  135. Outsourcing
  136. BOX : Whose Trade Is It?
  137. CASE STUDY : Shipping Jobs Overseas? Offshoring and Labor Market Outcomes in Germany
  138. Consequences of Multinationals and Foreign Outsourcing
  139. Summary
  140. PART 2 International Trade Policy
  141. 9 The Instruments of Trade Policy
  142. Basic Tariff Analysis
  143. Supply, Demand, and Trade in a Single Industry
  144. Effects of a Tariff
  145. Measuring the Amount of Protection
  146. Costs and Benefits of a Tariff
  147. Consumer and Producer Surplus
  148. Measuring the Costs and Benefits
  149. BOX : Tariffs and Retaliation
  150. Other Instruments of Trade Policy
  151. Export Subsidies: Theory
  152. CASE STUDY : Europe’s Common Agricultural Policy
  153. Import Quotas: Theory
  154. CASE STUDY : Tariff-Rate Quota Origin and its Application in Practice with Oilseeds
  155. Voluntary Export Restraints
  156. CASE STUDY : A Voluntary Export Restraint in Practice
  157. Local Content Requirements
  158. BOX : Healthcare Protection with Local Content Requirements
  159. Other Trade Policy Instruments
  160. The Effects of Trade Policy: A Summary
  161. Summary
  162. 10 The Political Economy of Trade Policy
  163. The Case for Free Trade
  164. Free Trade and Efficiency
  165. Additional Gains from Free Trade
  166. Rent Seeking
  167. Political Argument for Free Trade
  168. National Welfare Arguments against Free Trade
  169. The Terms of Trade Argument for a Tariff
  170. The Domestic Market Failure Argument against Free Trade
  171. How Convincing Is the Market Failure Argument?
  172. Income Distribution and Trade Policy
  173. Electoral Competition
  174. Collective Action
  175. BOX : Politicians for Sale: Evidence from the 1990s
  176. Modeling the Political Process
  177. Who Gets Protected?
  178. International Negotiations and Trade Policy
  179. The Advantages of Negotiation
  180. International Trade Agreements: A Brief History
  181. The Uruguay Round
  182. Trade Liberalization
  183. Administrative Reforms: From the GATT to the WTO
  184. Benefits and Costs
  185. BOX : Settling a Dispute—And Creating One
  186. CASE STUDY : Testing the WTO’s Metal
  187. The End of Trade Agreements?
  188. BOX : Do Agricultural Subsidies Hurt the Third World?
  189. Preferential Trading Agreements
  190. BOX : Free Trade Area Versus Customs Union
  191. BOX : Brexit
  192. CASE STUDY : Trade Diversion in South America
  193. The Trans-Pacific Partnership
  194. Summary
  195. 11 Trade Policy in Developing Countries
  196. Import-Substituting Industrialization
  197. The Infant Industry Argument
  198. Promoting Manufacturing through Protection
  199. CASE STUDY : Export-Led Strategy
  200. Results of Favoring Manufacturing: Problems of Import-Substituting Industrialization
  201. Trade Liberalization since 1985
  202. Trade and Growth: Takeoff in Asia
  203. BOX : India’s Boom
  204. Summary
  205. 12 Controversies in Trade Policy
  206. Sophisticated Arguments for Activist Trade Policy
  207. Technology and Externalities
  208. Imperfect Competition and Strategic Trade Policy
  209. BOX : A Warning from Intel’s Founder
  210. CASE STUDY : When the Chips Were Up
  211. Globalization and Low-Wage Labor
  212. The Anti-Globalization Movement
  213. Trade and Wages Revisited
  214. Labor Standards and Trade Negotiations
  215. Environmental and Cultural Issues
  216. The WTO and National Independence
  217. CASE STUDY : A Tragedy in Bangladesh
  218. Globalization and the Environment
  219. Globalization, Growth, and Pollution
  220. The Problem of “Pollution Havens”
  221. The Carbon Tariff Dispute
  222. Trade Shocks and Their Impact on Communities
  223. Summary
  224. PART 3 Exchange Rates and Open-Economy Macroeconomics
  225. 13 National Income Accounting and the Balance of Payments
  226. The National Income Accounts
  227. National Product and National Income
  228. Capital Depreciation and International Transfers
  229. Gross Domestic Product
  230. National Income Accounting for an Open Economy
  231. Consumption
  232. Investment
  233. Government Purchases
  234. The National Income Identity for an Open Economy
  235. An Imaginary Open Economy
  236. The Current Account and Foreign Indebtedness
  237. Saving and the Current Account
  238. Private and Government Saving
  239. BOX : The Mystery of the Missing Deficit
  240. The Balance of Payments Accounts
  241. Examples of Paired Transactions
  242. The Fundamental Balance of Payments Identity
  243. The Current Account, Once Again
  244. The Capital Account
  245. The Financial Account
  246. Statistical Discrepancy
  247. Official Reserve Transactions
  248. CASE STUDY : The Assets and Liabilities of the World’s Biggest Debtor
  249. Summary
  250. 14 Exchange Rates and the Foreign Exchange Market: An Asset Approach
  251. Exchange Rates and International Transactions
  252. Domestic and Foreign Prices
  253. Exchange Rates and Relative Prices
  254. The Foreign Exchange Market
  255. The Actors
  256. BOX : Exchange Rates, Auto Prices, and Currency Wars
  257. Characteristics of the Market
  258. Spot Rates and Forward Rates
  259. Foreign Exchange Swaps
  260. Futures and Options
  261. The Demand for Foreign Currency Assets
  262. Assets and Asset Returns
  263. BOX : Offshore Currency Markets: The Case of the Chinese Yuan
  264. Risk and Liquidity
  265. Interest Rates
  266. Exchange Rates and Asset Returns
  267. A Simple Rule
  268. Return, Risk, and Liquidity in the Foreign Exchange Market
  269. Equilibrium in the Foreign Exchange Market
  270. Interest Parity: The Basic Equilibrium Condition
  271. How Changes in the Current Exchange Rate Affect Expected Returns
  272. The Equilibrium Exchange Rate
  273. Interest Rates, Expectations, and Equilibrium
  274. The Effect of Changing Interest Rates on the Current Exchange Rate
  275. The Effect of Changing Expectations on the Current Exchange Rate
  276. CASE STUDY : What Explains the Carry Trade?
  277. Summary
  278. 15 Money, Interest Rates, and Exchange Rates
  279. Money Defined: A Brief Review
  280. Money as a Medium of Exchange
  281. Money as a Unit of Account
  282. Money as a Store of Value
  283. What Is Money?
  284. How the Money Supply Is Determined
  285. The Demand for Money by Individuals
  286. Expected Return
  287. Risk
  288. Liquidity
  289. Aggregate Money Demand
  290. The Equilibrium Interest Rate: The Interaction of Money Supply and Demand
  291. Equilibrium in the Money Market
  292. Interest Rates and the Money Supply
  293. Output and the Interest Rate
  294. The Money Supply and the Exchange Rate in the Short Run
  295. Linking Money, the Interest Rate, and the Exchange Rate
  296. U.S. Money Supply and the Dollar/Euro Exchange Rate
  297. Europe’s Money Supply and the Dollar/Euro Exchange Rate
  298. Money, the Price Level, and the Exchange Rate in the Long Run
  299. Money and Money Prices
  300. The Long-Run Effects of Money Supply Changes
  301. Empirical Evidence on Money Supplies and Price Levels
  302. Money and the Exchange Rate in the Long Run
  303. Inflation and Exchange Rate Dynamics
  304. Short-Run Price Rigidity versus Long-Run Price Flexibility
  305. BOX : Money Supply Growth and Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe
  306. Permanent Money Supply Changes and the Exchange Rate
  307. Exchange Rate Overshooting
  308. CASE STUDY : Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate in Emerging Countries
  309. Summary
  310. 16 Price Levels and the Exchange Rate in the Long Run
  311. The Law of One Price
  312. Purchasing Power Parity
  313. The Relationship between PPP and the Law of One Price
  314. Absolute PPP and Relative PPP
  315. A Long-Run Exchange Rate Model Based on PPP
  316. The Fundamental Equation of the Monetary Approach
  317. Ongoing Inflation, Interest Parity, and PPP
  318. The Fisher Effect
  319. Empirical Evidence on PPP and the Law of One Price
  320. Explaining the Problems with PPP
  321. Trade Barriers and Nontradables
  322. Departures from Free Competition
  323. Differences in Consumption Patterns and Price Level Measurement
  324. BOX : Measuring and Comparing Countries’ Wealth Worldwide: The International Comparison Program (ICP)
  325. PPP in the Short Run and in the Long Run
  326. CASE STUDY : Why Price Levels Are Lower in Poorer Countries
  327. Beyond Purchasing Power Parity: A General Model of Long-Run Exchange Rates
  328. The Real Exchange Rate
  329. Demand, Supply, and the Long-Run Real Exchange Rate
  330. BOX : Sticky Prices and the Law of One Price: Evidence from Scandinavian Duty-Free Shops
  331. Nominal and Real Exchange Rates in Long-Run Equilibrium
  332. International Interest Rate Differences and the Real Exchange Rate
  333. Real Interest Parity
  334. Summary
  335. 17 Output and the Exchange Rate in the Short Run
  336. Determinants of Aggregate Demand in an Open Economy
  337. Determinants of Consumption Demand
  338. Determinants of the Current Account
  339. How Real Exchange Rate Changes Affect the Current Account
  340. How Disposable Income Changes Affect the Current Account
  341. The Equation of Aggregate Demand
  342. The Real Exchange Rate and Aggregate Demand
  343. Real Income and Aggregate Demand
  344. How Output Is Determined in the Short Run
  345. Output Market Equilibrium in the Short Run: The DD Schedule
  346. Output, the Exchange Rate, and Output Market Equilibrium
  347. Deriving the DD Schedule
  348. Factors That Shift the DD Schedule
  349. Asset Market Equilibrium in the Short Run: The AA Schedule
  350. Output, the Exchange Rate, and Asset Market Equilibrium
  351. Deriving the AA Schedule
  352. Factors That Shift the AA Schedule
  353. Short-Run Equilibrium for an Open Economy: Putting the DD and AA Schedules Together
  354. Temporary Changes in Monetary and Fiscal Policy
  355. Monetary Policy
  356. Fiscal Policy
  357. Policies to Maintain Full Employment
  358. Inflation Bias and Other Problems of Policy Formulation
  359. Permanent Shifts in Monetary and Fiscal Policy
  360. A Permanent Increase in the Money Supply
  361. Adjustment to a Permanent Increase in the Money Supply
  362. A Permanent Fiscal Expansion
  363. Macroeconomic Policies and the Current Account
  364. Gradual Trade Flow Adjustment and Current Account Dynamics
  365. The J-Curve
  366. Exchange Rate Pass-Through and Inflation
  367. The Current Account, Wealth, and Exchange Rate Dynamics
  368. BOX : Understanding Pass-Through to Import and Export Prices
  369. The Liquidity Trap
  370. CASE STUDY : How Big Is the Government Spending Multiplier?
  371. Summary
  372. 18 Fixed Exchange Rates and Foreign Exchange Intervention
  373. Why Study Fixed Exchange Rates?
  374. Central Bank Intervention and the Money Supply
  375. The Central Bank Balance Sheet and the Money Supply
  376. Foreign Exchange Intervention and the Money Supply
  377. Sterilization
  378. The Balance of Payments and the Money Supply
  379. How the Central Bank Fixes the Exchange Rate
  380. Foreign Exchange Market Equilibrium under a Fixed Exchange Rate
  381. Money Market Equilibrium under a Fixed Exchange Rate
  382. A Diagrammatic Analysis
  383. Stabilization Policies with a Fixed Exchange Rate
  384. Monetary Policy
  385. Fiscal Policy
  386. Changes in the Exchange Rate
  387. Adjustment to Fiscal Policy and Exchange Rate Changes
  388. Balance of Payments Crises and Capital Flight
  389. Managed Floating and Sterilized Intervention
  390. Perfect Asset Substitutability and the Ineffectiveness of Sterilized Intervention
  391. CASE STUDY : Can Markets Attack a Strong Currency? The Case of Switzerland
  392. Foreign Exchange Market Equilibrium under Imperfect Asset Substitutability
  393. The Effects of Sterilized Intervention with Imperfect Asset Substitutability
  394. Evidence on the Effects of Sterilized Intervention
  395. Reserve Currencies in the World Monetary System
  396. The Mechanics of a Reserve Currency Standard
  397. The Asymmetric Position of the Reserve Center
  398. The Gold Standard
  399. The Mechanics of a Gold Standard
  400. Symmetric Monetary Adjustment under a Gold Standard
  401. Benefits and Drawbacks of the Gold Standard
  402. The Bimetallic Standard
  403. The Gold Exchange Standard
  404. CASE STUDY : The Cost to Become an International Currency: The Renminbi Case
  405. Summary
  406. PART 4 International Macroeconomic Policy
  407. 19 International Monetary Systems: An Historical Overview
  408. Macroeconomic Policy Goals in an Open Economy
  409. Internal Balance: Full Employment and Price Level Stability
  410. External Balance: The Optimal Level of the Current Account
  411. BOX : Can a Country Borrow Forever? The Case of New Zealand
  412. Classifying Monetary Systems: The Open-Economy Monetary Trilemma
  413. International Macroeconomic Policy under the Gold Standard, 1870–1914
  414. Origins of the Gold Standard
  415. External Balance under the Gold Standard
  416. The Price-Specie-Flow Mechanism
  417. The Gold Standard “Rules of the Game”: Myth and Reality
  418. Internal Balance under the Gold Standard
  419. CASE STUDY : The Political Economy of Exchange Rate Regimes: Conflict over America’s Monetary Standard during the 1890s
  420. The Interwar Years, 1918–1939
  421. The Fleeting Return to Gold
  422. International Economic Disintegration
  423. CASE STUDY : The International Gold Standard and the Great Depression
  424. The Bretton Woods System and the International Monetary Fund
  425. Goals and Structure of the IMF
  426. Convertibility and the Expansion of Private Financial Flows
  427. Speculative Capital Flows and Crises
  428. Analyzing Policy Options for Reaching Internal and External Balance
  429. Maintaining Internal Balance
  430. Maintaining External Balance
  431. Expenditure-Changing and Expenditure-Switching Policies
  432. The External Balance Problem of the United States under Bretton Woods
  433. CASE STUDY : The End of Bretton Woods, Worldwide Inflation, and the Transition to Floating Rates
  434. The Mechanics of Imported Inflation
  435. Assessment
  436. The Case for Floating Exchange Rates
  437. Monetary Policy Autonomy
  438. Symmetry
  439. Exchange Rates as Automatic Stabilizers
  440. Exchange Rates and External Balance
  441. CASE STUDY : The First Years of Floating Rates, 1973–1990
  442. Macroeconomic Interdependence under a Floating Rate
  443. CASE STUDY : Transformation and Crisis in the World Economy
  444. CASE STUDY : The Dangers of Deflation
  445. What Has Been Learned Since 1973?
  446. Monetary Policy Autonomy
  447. Symmetry
  448. The Exchange Rate as an Automatic Stabilizer
  449. External Balance
  450. The Problem of Policy Coordination
  451. Are Fixed Exchange Rates Even an Option for Most Countries?
  452. Summary
  453. 20 Financial Globalization: Opportunity and Crisis
  454. The International Capital Market and the Gains from Trade
  455. Three Types of Gain from Trade
  456. Risk Aversion
  457. Portfolio Diversification as a Motive for International Asset Trade
  458. The Menu of International Assets: Debt versus Equity
  459. International Banking and the International Capital Market
  460. The Structure of the International Capital Market
  461. Offshore Banking and Offshore Currency Trading
  462. The Shadow Banking System
  463. Banking and Financial Fragility
  464. The Problem of Bank Failure
  465. Government Safeguards against Financial Instability
  466. Moral Hazard and the Problem of “Too Big to Fail”
  467. BOX : Does the IMF Cause Moral Hazard?
  468. The Challenge of Regulating International Banking
  469. The Financial Trilemma
  470. International Regulatory Cooperation through 2007
  471. CASE STUDY : The Global Financial Crisis of 2007–2009
  472. BOX : Foreign Exchange Instability and Central Bank Swap Lines
  473. International Regulatory Initiatives after the Global Financial Crisis
  474. How Well Have International Financial Markets Allocated Capital and Risk?
  475. The Extent of International Portfolio Diversification
  476. The Extent of Intertemporal Trade
  477. Onshore-Offshore Interest Differentials
  478. The Efficiency of the Foreign Exchange Market
  479. Summary
  480. 21 Optimum Currency Areas and the Euro
  481. How the European Single Currency Evolved
  482. What Has Driven European Monetary Cooperation?
  483. BOX : Brexit
  484. The European Monetary System, 1979–1998
  485. German Monetary Dominance and the Credibility Theory of the EMS
  486. Market Integration Initiatives
  487. European Economic and Monetary Union
  488. The Euro and Economic Policy in the Euro Zone
  489. The Maastricht Convergence Criteria and the Stability and Growth Pact
  490. The European Central Bank and the Eurosystem
  491. The Revised Exchange Rate Mechanism
  492. The Theory of Optimum Currency Areas
  493. Economic Integration and the Benefits of a Fixed Exchange Rate Area: The GG Schedule
  494. Economic Integration and the Costs of a Fixed Exchange Rate Area: The LL Schedule
  495. The Decision to Join a Currency Area: Putting the GG and LL Schedules Together
  496. What Is an Optimum Currency Area?
  497. Other Important Considerations
  498. CASE STUDY : Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area?
  499. The Euro Crisis and the Future of EMU
  500. Origins of the Crisis
  501. Self-Fulfilling Government Default and the “Doom Loop”
  502. A Broader Crisis and Policy Responses
  503. ECB Outright Monetary Transactions
  504. The Future of EMU
  505. Summary
  506. 22 Developing Countries: Growth, Crisis, and Reform
  507. Income, Wealth, and Growth in the World Economy
  508. The Gap between Rich and Poor
  509. Has the World Income Gap Narrowed Over Time?
  510. The Importance of Developing Countries for Global Growth
  511. Structural Features of Developing Countries
  512. BOX : The Commodity Supercycle
  513. Developing-Country Borrowing and Debt
  514. The Economics of Financial Inflows to Developing Countries
  515. The Problem of Default
  516. Alternative Forms of Financial Inflow
  517. The Problem of “Original Sin”
  518. The Debt Crisis of the 1980s
  519. Reforms, Capital Inflows, and the Return of Crisis
  520. East Asia: Success and Crisis
  521. The East Asian Economic Miracle
  522. BOX : Why Have Developing Countries Accumulated Such High Levels of International Reserves?
  523. Asian Weaknesses
  524. BOX : What Did East Asia Do Right?
  525. The Asian Financial Crisis
  526. Lessons of Developing-Country Crises
  527. Reforming the World’s Financial “Architecture”
  528. Capital Mobility and the Trilemma of the Exchange Rate Regime
  529. “Prophylactic” Measures
  530. Coping with Crisis
  531. Understanding Global Capital Flows and the Global Distribution of Income: Is Geography Destiny?
  532. BOX : Capital Paradoxes
  533. Summary
  534. Mathematical Postscripts
  535. Postscript to Chapter 5: The Factor-Proportion Model
  536. Factor Prices and Costs
  537. Goods Prices and Factor Prices
  538. Factor Supplies and Outputs
  539. Postscript to Chapter 6: The Trading World Economy
  540. Supply, Demand, and Equilibrium
  541. Supply, Demand, and the Stability of Equilibrium
  542. Effects of Changes in Supply and Demand
  543. Economic Growth
  544. A Transfer of Income
  545. A Tariff
  546. Postscript to Chapter 8: The Monopolistic Competition Model
  547. Postscript to Chapter 20: Risk Aversion and International Portfolio Diversification
  548. An Analytical Derivation of the Optimal Portfolio
  549. A Diagrammatic Derivation of the Optimal Portfolio
  550. The Effects of Changing Rates of Return
  551. Index
  552. Credits

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